Giemsa stain is used for cytogenetics and histopathological diagnosis of parasites of malaria and other parasitic diseases. The examination of giemsastained smears for chlamydial inclusions is a useful technique for the diagnosis of trachoma or inclusion conjunctivitis by laboratories that do not have the specialized facilities for the identification of these chlamydial infections by the technically more complex procedures of immunofluorescent staining or isolation. Place the slide in the stain, thick film down to prevent the debris caused by dehemoglobinization from falling onto the thin film. Place about 50 glass beads into a dark or amber colored glass bottle. This kit may be used on formalinfixed, paraffinembedded or frozen sections. Stain only one set of smears, and leave the duplicates unstained. It is useful for studying cell morphology in airdried smears.
Azure and eosin are acidic dye which variably stains the basic components of the cells like the cytoplasm, granules etc. Giemsa stain can also be considered as a basic stain in classifying lymphomas in the classification of. Place air dried blood film in undiluted giemsa stain for 12. Fields stain is a histological method for staining of blood smears. Procedure notes the bottle should be tightly capped at all times to prevent absorption of water vapour and to avoid evaporation and oxidation of the stain by high humidity. Wrights stain is named for james homer wright, who devised the stain in 1902 based on a modification of romanowsky stain. Weigh the required amount of powder stain, and transfer to a clean, dry 1litre capacity bottle. This is particularly relevant for detection of cytomegalovirus infection, where the classical finding would be an owleye viral inclusion giemsa stains the fungus histoplasma, chlamydia bacteria, and can be used to identify mast cells generation. Prepare and stain films from normal blood, and microscopically evaluate the staining reactions of the rbcs, platelets, and wbcs.
The required quantity can be filtered into a coplin jar or a staining dish, depending on the quantity of slides to be stained. Pour off the stain and wash slide with tap water for a few minutes. Giemsa stain is a mixture of methylene blue, eosin, and azure b. Use stain within 15 min of preparation, and discard unused stain. Stain is purchased in a bottle as a modified wright or wrightgiemsa stain. This is the key difference between giemsa stain and wright stain. Add leismans stain drop by drop till it covers whole of the smear. Giemsa stain is a buffered thiazineeosinate solution designed to provide coloration of blood cells similar to the original product described by giemsa. At the end of the assay, the cells are to be stained with giemsa and will be judged. I am currently staining cells to quickly look at the effect of a drug for both 24 hour and continuous treatment.
Stain the entire slide with diluted giemsa stain 1. In microbiology, giemsa stain is used for staining inclusion bodies in chlamydia trachomatis, borrelia species. To detail the procedure for preparing a stock solution of giemsa stain for. Caution during staining with giemsa stain 3% or 10% stain working solution, the surface becomes covered with a metallic green scum. A freshly prepared working solution of giemsa, made from. Preparation of thick blood films and giemsa staining. Place slides in working phosphate buffer or trizmaferbuf 2070 mmoll. Pdf fiveminute giemsa stain for rapid detection of malaria. Giemsa stain definition of giemsa stain by medical. Studies on the composition of commercial giemsa stain and its effect upon staining quality are reported. Technical data sheet 350 wrightgiemsa stain solution. All laboratories should test every stain against control slides to establish the correct time for the specific stain in use. Pdf the giemsa stain is used as the gold standard for the diagnosis of malaria on blood smears. Patients travel history is necessary to aid in test interpretation.
Preparation of thick blood films and giemsa staining lqm. Silver staining regions are usually present on 68 of the 10 acrocentric chromosomes, 14, 15, 21, and 22 fig. Method for the preparation of giemsa stain american. Collect 34 drops of blood in 5 ml of tissue culture medium gibco pbmax karyotyping medium, cat.
Giemsa stain, original azure blend harleco 620g75 gurrs buffer tablets, ph 6. Giemsas staining solution composed of methylene blue, azure and eosin is one of the most popular microscopic stains, commonly used in hematology, histology, cytology and bacteriology for in vitro diagnostic ivd use. In thin films the red blood cells are fixed and parasitized cells can be identified by. The latter will prove useful if a problem occurs during the staining andor if you wish later to send the smears to a reference laboratory. It is a combination of two stains, may grunwald stain and giemsa stain. Used in hematology, this stain is not optimal for blood parasites. Giemsa stain is mainly used for staining of peripheral blood smears and specimens obtained from the bone marrow. Like other romanowsky stains, the principle is the same. If a large number of smears are made, stain may need to be changed throughout the day. Preparation of 10 ml of 10% of giemsa working solution 1. The definitive diagnosis of malaria infection and other parasites is still based on finding such organisms in blood films.
How to perform a proper thick and thin smear for malaria diagnosis duration. Wash by briefly dipping the slide in and out of a coplin jar of buffered water one or two dips. The wrightgiemsa stain solution has been developed to incorporate the exceptional brilliance and resolution of cellular details obtained from giemsa stain with the rapid staining time of wrights stain. Giemsa stain is also used to visualize chromosomes. The stability of the stain depends on methylene azure and its mixture along with methylene blue which forms an eosinate. Giemsas solution is a mixture of methylene blue, eosin, and azure b. B staining of blood smear leave it for 12 minutes for fixation of the smear.
Giemsa stain kit maygrunwald ab150670 is intended for use in the visualization of cells present in hematopoietic tissues and certain microorganisms. Preparations of giemsa stain in laboratory hematology. Giemsa stain collect 34 drops of blood in 5 ml of tissue culture medium gibco pbmax karyotyping medium, cat. It differentially stains the human and bacterial cells and appeared as purple and pink colored bodies respectively. The buffer water is stable for 1 month at room temperature 4. Giemsa stain is commonly used when there is need to examine the blood smear for the parasites but is a good stain for routine examination of blood smear and used to differentiate nuclear and cytoplasmic morphology of the various cells of the blood like platelets, rbcs giemsa staining technique. Giemsa stain is a differential stain that is used to variably stain the various components of the cells and it can be used to study the adherence of pathogenic bacteria to the human cells. At the beginning of the second phase of the staining, take 0.
The standard giemsa stain was prepared according to stan. Giemsa stain is used to obtain differential white blood cell counts. Now the flask was allowed to cool to room temperature and 50ml of methyl alcohol was added to it. Silver nor agnor staining uses a silver nitrate solution to selectively stain the sites of transcriptionally active rrna genes, which are located in the stalk regions on the short arms of human acrocentric chromosomes 28.
Difference between giemsa stain and wright stain compare. These studies were supplemented by observations on the preparation of the components of giemsa stain and their staining properties in aqueous solution, in nochts solution, and in laboratory prepared giemsa stains containing one azure component. Wrights stain is a type of romanowsky stain, which is commonly used in hematology laboratory for the routine staining of peripheral blood smears. Cover the preparation with this diluted solution for 25 minutes. Harris hematoxylin is the optimum nuclear stain zmaygrunwald giemsa stain is one of the common romanwsky stains used in cytology. Giemsa stain solution safety data sheet according to federal register vol. If the bottle is tightly stoppered and free of moisture, the giemsa stain is stable at room temperature for longer. Preparation of fresh 3% giemsa working solution from stock solution for slow staining of a batch of 20100 slides 1.
It is also used for staining bone marrow aspirates, urine samples and to demonstrate malarial parasites in blood smears. Place 9 ml of buffered water into a beaker or tube. To download a copy of the instructions in pdf form, click here. Procedure giemsa stain, modified solution for clinical diagnosis results reagents. Quick stains, as the name implies, are fast and easy. Giemsa stain, modified solution for clinical diagnosis giemsa staining is a common method used for examining blood smears, histological sections and other types of biological samples. Let the preparation air dry in a vertical position. Giemsa is classified as a versatile stain primarily due to its unique formulation. May grunwald giemsa stain is one of many stains under the romanowsky staining procedure. Giemsa stain is a differential stain and contains a mixture of azure, methylene blue, and eosin dye. Giemsa solution contains methylene blue, azure b and eosin and the stain is prepared commercially with the use of giemsa powder. The stain, however, required an extended staining process. It is also used to differentiate nuclear and cytoplasmic morphology of the various blood cells like platelets, rbcs, wbcs. Place slide on staining rack, cover with wright stain.47 988 806 1610 1305 1310 190 740 56 986 67 1494 1038 132 467 1043 651 217 709 563 1504 336 750 1417 1027 7 600 405 1084 114 763 869 838